A Probabilistic Grammar of Graphics | Proceedings of the 2020 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (2024)

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A Probabilistic Grammar of Graphics | Proceedings of the 2020 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (1)

Authors: Xiaoying Pu and Matthew Kay

CHI '20: Proceedings of the 2020 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems

April 2020

Pages 1 - 13

Published: 23 April 2020 Publication History

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    Abstract

    A Probabilistic Grammar of Graphics | Proceedings of the 2020 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (4)

    Visualizations depicting probabilities and uncertainty are used everywhere from medical risk communication to machine learning, yet these probabilistic visualizations are difficult to specify, prone to error, and their designs are cumbersome to explore. We propose a Probabilistic Grammar of Graphics (PGoG), an extension to Wilkinson's original framework. Inspired by the success of probabilistic programming languages, PGoG makes probability expressions, such as P(A|B), a first-class citizen in the language. PGoG abstractions also reflect the distinction between probability and frequency framing, a concept from the uncertainty communication literature. It is expressive, encompassing product plots, density plots, icon arrays, and dotplots, among other visualizations. Its coherent syntax ensures correctness (that the proportions of visual elements and their spatial placement reflect the underlying probability distribution) and reduces edit distance between probabilistic visualization specifications, potentially supporting more design exploration. We provide a proof-of-concept implementation of PGoG in R.

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    File type: csv. Software needed: a text editor or spreadsheet software Column names: Name, Coverage, Link - Name: article title or description of the visualization - Coverage: Reproducible, Special layout, Special layout/hierarchical, additional channels - Link: link to source Summary: The probabilistic visualization collection that informed the grammar design; also mentioned in Figure 1 caption.

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    • Wacharamanotham CYang FPu XSarma A(2023)Transparent Practices for Quantitative Empirical ResearchExtended Abstracts of the 2023 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems10.1145/3544549.3574168(1-5)Online publication date: 19-Apr-2023

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    • Pu XKay M(2023)How Data Analysts Use a Visualization Grammar in PracticeProceedings of the 2023 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems10.1145/3544548.3580837(1-22)Online publication date: 19-Apr-2023

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    Index Terms

    1. A Probabilistic Grammar of Graphics

      1. Human-centered computing

        1. Visualization

          1. Visualization systems and tools

            1. Visualization theory, concepts and paradigms

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        A Probabilistic Grammar of Graphics | Proceedings of the 2020 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (5)

        CHI '20: Proceedings of the 2020 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems

        April 2020

        10688 pages

        ISBN:9781450367080

        DOI:10.1145/3313831

        • General Chairs:
        • Regina Bernhaupt

          Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands

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        • Florian 'Floyd' Mueller

          Monash University, Australia

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        • David Verweij

          Newcastle University, UK

          ,
        • Josh Andres

          RMIT, Australia

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        • Program Chairs:
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          University of British Columbia, Canada

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        • Andy co*ckburn

          University of Canterbury, New Zealand

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        • Ignacio Avellino

          University of Maryland Baltimore County, USA

          ,
        • Alix Goguey

          Grenoble Alpes University, France

          ,
        • Pernille Bjørn

          University of Copenhagen, Denmark

          ,
        • Shengdong (Shen) Zhao

          National University of Singapore, Singapore

          ,
        • Briane Paul Samson

          Future University Hakodate, Japan & De La Salle University, Philippines

          ,
        • Rafal Kocielnik

          University of Washington, USA

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        2. uncertainty visualization

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          https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/3544549.3574168

        • Pu XKay M(2023)How Data Analysts Use a Visualization Grammar in PracticeProceedings of the 2023 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems10.1145/3544548.3580837(1-22)Online publication date: 19-Apr-2023

          https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/3544548.3580837

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